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fioffiht Letter 


NUMBER 45 Summer 1993 




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9^' ■ 

New York Gathering Looks at 
New Opera, Old Photographs 

On a warm, sunny afternoon some 42 (or so) Carrol Hans climbed past the 
somnolent lions guarding the Fifth Avenue stairs of the New York Public 
Library for our general meeting in the Trustees' Room. We love coming to the 
NYPL and this meeting was, as always, very ably arranged by our program 
coordinator, Janet Jurist. The curator of the Berg Collection, Mr. Frank Matson, 
heartily welcomed us to NYPL once again. In the space of a few moments he 
sketched for us the history of the Berg Collection from Dr. Albert Berg's initial 
bequest in the early 1940s. Like the great research library that NYPL itself is, 
the Berg Collection is actually made up of several collections formed and 
acquired by Dr. Berg. The three major collections constituting the Berg 
Collection contain 73 titles by Lewis Carroll and from them Mr. Matson had 
mounted for us an exhibition of some of the most famous Carroll books and 
interesting personal effects (including Lewis Carroll's own dice). 

LCSNA president Charlie Lovett thanked Mr. Matson and NYPL for their 
welcome. Charlie summarized the main topics discussed at the earlier meeting 
of the LCSNA executive committee. Briefly, they are: 

1) Progress on the Society's publication of the Lewis Carroll Pamphlets 
Series. The first volume, The Oxford Pamphlets, edited so ably by Edward 
Wakeling, was recently issued by the University Press of Virginia. The second 
volume, The Mathematical Pamphlets, edited by Prof. Fran Abeles, is in 
production; and the third volume, Games and Play, to be edited by Martin Gardner, is in process. The University Press of Virginia 
will continue to distribute the Pamphlet Series volumes but from now on the Society will be sole publisher rather than co-publisher. 
2) Our Carroll Studies series will be continued. August Imholtz is investigating the publication of the lectures on Carroll recently 

presented (mostly by LCSNA members) 
at the Smithsonian Institution. Several 
other publications were also suggested 
for what would essentially be a further 
experiment in desk-top publishing like 
the Society ' s recent edition of The Hunt- 
ing of the Snark illustrated by Jonathan 

3) Future meetings schedule and con- 
tent. Our Fall meeting will be at the 
Houghton Library of Harvard University 
on the morning of November 20. Details 
are on page 5. From June 9- 12, 1994, the 
Society will sponsor the Second Interna- 
tional Lewis Carroll Conference which 
will be held at the Graylyn Executive 
Conference Center in Winston-Salem, 
NC. There has been some concern on the 

part of certain members of the Society 
(continued on page 2) 

Carroll 's Photograph "St. George and the 

Dragon, " and "Le Petit Nemrod, " by J. J. 

Tissot. Two works of art compared by 

Nancy Finlay at the Spring meeting. 

Show and Tell 

Those members attending the 
Spring meeting of the LCSNA in New 
York were delighted when Dr. Sandor 
Burstein agreed to share with us his 
most recent acquisition to his marvel- 
ous Carroll collection. Imagine our sur- 
prise when he withdrew from a bat- 
tered suitcase Alice Hargreaves' pi- 

Dr. Burstein was able to play a few 
notes on the instrument, which he 
brought to New York for repair. In 
spite of his inability to play "Santa 
Lucia," we could all imagine what a 
consolation the instrument must have 
been to Alice in her later years. 

Editorial — 

Go Forth & Multiply 

Whenever I attend a LCSNA meeting, or 
pick up one of the Society's publications, I 
have to remind myself that this organization 
is completely supported by volunteers. We 
do not have the support of a university with 
graduate students and grants at our disposal. 
We are not funded by a government agency or 
a corporate foundation. Despite this, our 
society not only grows and flourishes, but it 
also consistently produces programs and pub- 
lications of a professional quality which are a 
tribute to both the members of the LCSNA 
and the man whom it honors. 

With membership in a successful volun- 
teer organization comes a certain amount of 
responsibility, however. Our $20 or $50 per 
year (which we all try to remember to pay on 
time) supports this newsletter and the afore- 
mentioned meetings and publications, but 
there are other contributions that members 
can make to the Society. Many have given 
their time and expertise in planning pro- 
grams, or writing, editing, and producing 
publications; others have given funds to sup- 
port these programs. I speak here, however, 
to the ordinary member, who may be far from 
our meeting places, have a small income, and 
little knowledge of editing or printing. What 
can you do to help the Society? 

In the past few years, our membership 
has steadily grown, recently topping the 400 
mark. After many years of having around 300 
members, we finally seem to have succeeded 
in growing. How did this happen? The 
LCSNA does not advertise on cable TV or in 
the New York Times. We advertise only one 
way — through you, our members. Each year, 
members recruit new members, and while a 
few old members may drop out, the balance 
has worked in our favor in the recent past. 

It doesn't take a mathematician of 
Carroll's caliber to realize that if each mem- 
ber meets another fan of Alice and convinces 
him that it is worth $20 to receive this news- 
letter and suport research and publishing ef- 
forts which will increase our knowledge and 
appreciation of Carroll, the Society will double 
its size. While I don't expect such dramatic 
growth, I do encourage you to prostletize. 

It is amazing how many Carroll enthusi- 
asts there are out there who have never heard 
of the LCSNA simply because we have never 
been on Donohue. Mention the Society to 
such a person and they are thrilled to join and 
find others who share their enthusiasm. So, 
please spread the word. By increasing our 
membership we can not only provide better 
and better programs and publications, we can 
also ensure our survival for years to come. 

MEETING (continued from page 1) 
that our meetings may have become too 
much slanted toward the lighter side. We 
continue, however, to seek a mixture of 
intellectually stimulating talks and inter- 
esting presentations for our meetings, in 
keeping with the eclectic nature of our 
membership. Anyone with suggestions 
for speakers or other programming is 
asked to contact Janet Jurist, 510 East 
86th St., NY, NY, 10028. 

4) Finances. Our treasurer, Prof. 
Fran Abeles, reported that the Society is 
solvent. We have sufficient funds to 
cover the publication expense of the next 
Pamphlet Series volume and hope that 
income will cover the expenses of the 
remaining volumes. 

5) Membership. The Society's mem- 
bership has increased to 410 individual 
and institutional members, although some 
have been rather slow in paying their 

6) Recognition of Professor Edward 
Guiliano. The president thanked Prof. 
Guiliano for his 18-year service as chair 
of the LCSNA publishing committee 
which under his hardworking and me- 
ticulous editorial leadership has issued 
an impressive series of scholarly publi- 
cations. Prof. Guiliano was presented 
with a gift by Charlie Lovett and he was 
warmly applauded by all. The president 
took this opportunity also to thank the 
other officers all of whom give so enthu- 
siastically to our undertakings. 

And now for the program itself. We 
began with a presentation by a young 
American composer, Susan Botti. Ms. 
Botti explained a little about the nature 
and genesis of her chamber opera 
Wonderglass, which had its world pre- 
miere to enthusiastic reviews as part of 
the American Artists Series at Cranbrook 
in the Detroit area on February 2 1 , 1993. 
Ms. Botti has said that the opera is "as 
much about Lewis Carroll and the world 
he was coming from as it is about the 
Alice tales ... It is an exploration of the 
ageless territory of the imagination." Ms. 
Botti played a number of excerpts faith- 
fully recorded from the Detroit perfor- 
mance beginning with the prologue 
"Dreamscape" through the fall down the 
rabbit hole, the interrogation by the Cat- 
erpillar, the kitchen scene, and more, 
until the final "Farewell to Alice." Our 

great thrill and enjoyment, however, was 
hearing Ms. Botti, herself a soprano with 
a wonderful voice, and three of her sing- 
ers, Sherman Ray Jacobs, David Frye, 
and nine-year-old Carly Baruh, sing Ms. 
Botti' s recreation of "Alice and the 
Cheshire Cat." All were splendid. We 
only wish that despite the wonders of 
teutonic audio-engineering we could have 
heard more of Ms. Botti' s voice and 
those of her singers whose facial acting 
expressions could not have better suited 
the work. 

From the bright art of music we turned 
to the dark art of photography. Our next 
speaker, Professor Jeffrey Spear of New 
York University, presented a paper en- 
titled "Such Lovely Forms of Children: 
Charles Dodgson and the Eye of the 
Camera." While commenting on 
Carroll's long and expert interest in pho- 
tography, especially the photographing 
of little girls in only natural attire, Profes- 
sor Spear expressed the opinion that 
Carroll was pushing at the boundaries of 
morality in his time. By Spear' s reading 
of some of the posed photographs, with 
clothed and unclothed subjects, it is dif- 
ficult to accept Carroll's own protesta- 
tions of innocence on the subject of the 
"most beautiful thing God has made." 
Spear' s scatophilic interpretations raised 
a number of questions, but it seemed, at 
least to this listener, that the psychoana- 
lytic case still is not proven. Nonethe- 
less, Spear did offer some enlightening 
comments on composition of the photo- 
graphs and other topics such as Dodgson' s 
concern with time. 

Dr. Nancy Finlay, formerly of the 
Houghton Library at Harvard and now 
on the staff of NYPL, gave us an intrigu- 
ing talk on Lewis Carroll's photographs 
and the paintings of J. J. Tissot. Finlay 
focused upon a number of Carroll' s pho- 
tographs in comparison with Tissot' s 
paintings which were very popular in 
English society during the 1860s and 
1870s. She pointed out strikingly clear 
compositional similarities between some 
of Carroll's photographs and paintings 
like Tissot' s "Le Petit Nemrod." Carroll 
and Tissot knew and created studies of 
some of the same children in their re- 
spective media. Tissot was known to 
have "borrowed" arrangements from 
(continued on page 7) 

(&$ P«£<©p^ 8c tftjp^cg. 

New Editions of Alice 

Running Press, whose minitaure books have become regu- 
lar fixtures at bookstore counters across the nation, has finally 
added Alice to its list. Their edition of Alice in Wonderland is 
retold by David Blair and illustrated by Graham Evernden, 
whose credits include stamp designs for the British Royal Ma'l. 
The illustrations have a proponderence of orange and brown, 
not my favorites, and are not particularly original. They are 
unobjectionable, however, and if they do nothing to greatly 
enhance this edition, the overall effect is still charming. Blair 
does a good job of fitting the text into the limited space, editing 
rather than rewording so the spirit of the original is not lost. Buy 
several now and use them for stocking stuffers. ($4.95 at most 

The revived Everyman's Library is another series which 
includes Alice. In this case Carroll's story is one of the ten 
initial titles published in the series. Alice is illustrated by 
Tenniel — not surprising unless you recall that the Everyman's 
edition that went through many printings from 1929 until the 
late 1970s was illustrated with Lewis Carroll's own drawings 
from Alice 's Adventures Underground. ($1 2.95 at most book- 

Inspired by Carroll 

Susan Sontag's new play, Alice in Bed, is described by its 
publisher, Farrar, Straus, Giroux, as a free dramatic fantasy 
based on a real person, Alice James, the brilliant sister of 
William and Henry James. In the play Alice James merges with 
the other great Alice of her period, the heroine of Carroll ' s Alice 
in Wonderland. A tea party is convened where Alice is 
counseled by Emily Dickenson and Margaret Fuller and by two 
exemplary angry women from the nineteenth-century stage. 
(Hardcover $25; paperback $12.00 in most bookstores). 

Another fantasy which draws inspiration from Carroll is 
much less likely to be worth the read. Published by the vanity 
press Vantage Press, Cousins in Wonderland by Michael J. 
Williams is described as the story of five lost cousins who 
encounter incredible creatures in a magical forest fantasy. The 
book is for ages 6-11. ($7.95, from the publisher, 1-800-882- 

Alice in the Art World 

Archival Framing (1729 L Street, Sacramento, CA, 95814) 
presented a special exhibit honoring Lewis Carroll during 
August. The show featured works by over a dozen artists who 
were invited to interpret his many characters and stories visu- 
ally for this exhibition. A variety of media and styles were 
represented, from the surreal drawings of Robert Pengelly to 

the colorful sculpture characters cre- 
ated by Miriam Davis. For further 
information call (916) 444-9624. 

A series of Alice murals com- 
missioned by the WPA in 1936 will 

be reunited at the Bronx Museum of the Arts on October 1 . 
Abram Champanier created sixteen seven foot tall panels for 
the children' s ward of New York' s Gouverneur Hospital on the 
theme of Alice in Wonderland in New York. In the series, Alice 
steps out of a book, flies over the East River bridges, rides the 
subway with her friends, and visits the Empire State Building, 
Central Park, and Coney Island. The Hospital which contained 
the murals closed in 1970, and the City of New York sold the 
building in 1981 with the stipulation that the murals be pre- 
served. Since then, the paintings have been removed, and five 
of them have been fully restored and distributed to area hospi- 
tals. These five will be displayed at the show "A New Deal for 
Public Art: Murals Commissioned by the Federal Work 
Programs of the 1930s and 1940s." 

Fodder for the VCR 

First, the bad news. Disney's series "Adventures in Won- 
derland" is now available on videotape, for $ 1 2.99 per episode. 
These means you can save the cost of subscribing to the Disney 
Channel and still see this show based on Carrollian characters. 
I recommend, however, that you also save $12.99 and skip the 
show. In spite of all its hype, its endorsement by various teacher 
organizations, and its winning of an Emmy Award, I've still yet 
to encounter anyone, grown-up or child, who finds this pro- 
gram even mildly entertaining. Insipid seems to be the general 

If you are feeling surreal, try ordering Jan Svankmajer's 
film Alice from Critics Choice Video (P.O. Box 749, Itasca, IL, 
60143-0749). For $59.95 plus $5.50 shipping and handling, 
you will receive probably the least watched and most imagina- 
tive Alice film ever made. Using techniques of stop-action 
animation and an eclectic collection of antique toys and strange 
settings, Svankmajer creates his own Wonderland that has the 
dreamlike quality Carroll portrayed in his book. Though 
certainly not for those who like to limit their entertainment to 
half-hour sitcoms, Alice is a film which will make you think, 
imagine, and dream. 

Lucerne Media (37 Ground Pine Road, Morris Plains, NJ, 
07950; 800-341-2293) offers three Carroll related videos, but 
you may have trouble obtaining personal copies, as they are 
intended for sale to schools and libraries only. The animated 
productions are Alice in Wonderland (26 minutes, $59.95), The 
Walrus and the Carpenter (6 minutes, $80), and The Hunting 
of the Snark (25 minutes, $295). That last price is not a 
misprint — now you know why the cost of education is so high! 

Special Supplement: 

Alice in the Age of Computers 

In the past few years Alice has proliferated in electronic form. She has become available through on-line databases, in computer software 
programs, and on CD-ROM. Carroll collectors have also taken advantage of computers to keep track of their collections. Scholars of Carroll 's 
logic and mathematics have published articles discussing Carroll's own work as a precursor to the computer database, and there can be no 
doubt that many of Carroll's pamphlets are examples of early desktop publishing. With all this in mind, we offer a brief look into a Lewis 
Carroll database as an introduction to regular coverage of computer related topics. The 1994 International Lewis Carroll Conference will 
include not only a demonstration of the database, but also a panel discussion on the subject of Carroll and computers. 

Saga of an Alician Database 

by Joel Birenbaum 

Although this is an article about an Alice in Wonderland 
database, I will try to make it a little less dry than the Mouse's 
rendition of William the Conqueror. If I fail in this valiant 
endeavor, please feel free to hose yourselves down at suitable 
intervals. When I first started collecting illustrated editions of 
Alice, I set out to get a first edition of every book listed in The 
Illustrators of Alice in Wonderland by Ovendon and Davis. 
After all, this was the source of all knowledge in this area. I was 
warned that this was a formidable task and one not to be taken 
lightly. That was 15 years ago and I'd like to repeat this warning 
to others with a similar pursuit. If such a warning deters you, 
you are a smarter person than I. 

One thing I learned on my joyous journey is that there is no 
source of all knowledge for the collectors of Alice. This to me 
seems a correctable situation. All you have to do is list all the 
editions of Alice and keep it up to date. Once again I have been 
warned that that this is yet a more impossible task. To me this 
means I should be able to do it six times before breakfast. 

How would Lewis Carroll have approached this job? He 
maintained a letter register of the thousands of letters he wrote 
noting date, addressee, and subject. He kept track of children 
he invited to dinner and what he served them. These are clearly 
examples of pre-electronic databases. Think of the number of 
disks this man would have filled had he been alive today. The 
answer was clear. 

Now that the decision was made to create an all encompasing 
electronic Alice database, I decided to get some concensus on 
how to set it up. Needless to say, Carroll collectors were not 
quite ready for this upheaval. Most were quite content to stick 
with purple ink and paper. At the risk of seeming autocratic, I 
decided to create the database as I saw fit. Pioneers suffer from 
lack of input, but ah the freedom. So, if you have any 
complaints, please tell me where you were a year ago. 

Get those hoses ready — we're going to get technical. The 
first matter was to choose a database program. I chose DBASE 
IV because it was widely used, ran on IBM compatible PCs, and 
I had a copy. The good news is that the files created by DBASE 
IV can be used by many other database programs. So far so 
good. The next matter was to design the structure of the 
database. Some of the decisions made were to preserve memory 
on my 20MB hard disk. Now that machines come with over 
100MB hard disks, these decisions may seem overly con- 
strained. The other factor that entered into the equation was my 

distaste for typing. For this reason, the three titles to be kept in 
the database, Alice, Looking-Glass, and the two combined in 
one volume, were abbreviated to one character each. Other 
fields added were illustrator, publisher (abbreviated four char- 
acter code), copyright date, edition date, reference number, and 
description field. The description field is a DBASE IV memo 
field, which means it is stored as an address to the data (is that 
running water I hear?). This allows the field to be variable 
length and saves memory. This would be done even in 
machines with 100MB disks. There are also a couple of binary 
flag fields for First Edition and also illustrated by Tenniel. 
These are fields with a value of yes or no. If the field is marked 
"Y" then the book is the first edition thus in one case and 
illustrated by Tenniel in the other. Can you imagine how many 
times I saved myself the trouble of typing "Tenniel, John"? 

The reference field is a concept that is truly Carrollian. This 
is a sequentially allocated number that uniquely identifies the 
book described in the data record. What did he say? For 
example, there is a record that contains (illustrator) Robinson, 
Charles; (publisher) cass (for Cassels); (country of publication) 
Eng (I know this should be UK, but old habits die hard); 
(copyright date) 1907; (date of edition) 1907; (first edition 
thus) Y; (also illustrated by Tenniel) N; (reference number) 
1 19; and (description) page dimensions, pagination, etc. The 
reference number, 119, is now effectively the name of this 
edition of Alice. It doesn't really matter how that number was 
chosen as long as it is unique (not also assigned to another data 
record) and never changes. Unlike Humpty Dumpty, this name 
doesn't tell you what shape the book is, but armed with the 
reference number and a copy of the database you can not only 
find the shape of the book, but the color, pagination, number of 
illustrations, and all manner of interesting dinstinguishing 
characteristics. I can now ask a fellow collector, "Do you have 
a copy of 1 19?" The question is totally unambiguous. True, it 
is less colorful than asking, "Do you have a copy of the first 
edition of Alice with the Charles Robinson illustrations?" But 
you won't get a question in return like this, "Is that the one with 
the blue cover or the brown cover?" 

Another benefit of the reference field is that it allows each 
collector (with a PC) to set up a related database. I don't begin 
to believe that I have created a database that has all the 
information that everyone wants. I have created a database that 
has the basic information about each edition. The reference 

field can be used to link the base database to a user's personal 
Alice database. For instance, your personal database can have 
information about books in your collection. It may have fields 
like condition, puchase date, purchase place, cost, and refer- 
ence number. By putting the same reference number as the 
edition has in the base database, you save yourself the pain of 
reentering the descriptive data already contained there. If you 
are the type of person who wants to keep track of what your 
books are worth, you can add fields for valuation date and 
value. This can be used for insurance purposes or for the 
pleasure of watching the value vs. cost ratio rise over the years. 

The main reason that I created the Alice in Wonderland 
database is to allow a collector to identify any edition of Alice. 
The side benefits are that we can more easily carry on discus- 
sions about collections, particularly when this is being done 
intercontinentally. The database construct also allows reports 
to be written. That is, the data can be sorted any which way and 
printed. You can also filter the data for a report, so as to print 
all editions by one illustrator, or all editions by a publisher. This 
is a very useful tool. Best of all, you can do online searches. 
You can search the database based on one field or a combina- 
tion of fields. This allows you to find the record of a specific 
book instantaneously (well, very quickly). 

I have also created similar databases for Alices illustrated by 
Tenniel only and editions of Alice in foreign languages. I still 
need much help in populating the latter. If anyone has a contact 
in a foreign country associated with the library or university or 

just willing to do bibliographical research, please pass the 
information to Joel Birenbaum, 2486 Brunswick Circle, 
Woodridge, IL, 60517. 

For those of you interested in statistics, there are currently 
1430 editions illustrated by other than Tenniel, 1231 editions 
illustrated by Tenniel only, and 1266 editions in foreign lan- 
guages populated in the database. Whereas there was no 
precedence for the structure of the database, I am pleased to say 
that I am indebted to the bibliographers who have gone before 
me for a substantial start on the data. Data has been gleaned 
from Alice in Many Tongues, Alice One Hundred, Lewis 
Carroll at Texas, Lewis Carroll 's Alice: An Annotated Check- 
list of the Lovett Collection, and Much of a Muchness. My 
thanks also go to Jon Lindseth for providing me with a listing 
of his vast collection and Bea Sidaway for taking time to answer 
my many questions on his holdings. David and Maxine 
Schaefer have also kindly provided me with a list of their 
foreign translations. Thanks also go to the first brave users of 
the database, Mark Richards, Edward Wakeling, and August 
Imholtz. I would be remiss if I did not thank Alice Berkey, 
Sandor Burstein, Linda Pringle, and Selwyn Goodacre who 
have been a source of bibliographical information over the 

If you would like to see the database in all its glory, it will 
be on display at the International Lewis Carroll Conference on 
June 11, 1994. There will be tutorials on how to use the 
database and how to create related databases. 

Alice Software Keeps on Coming 

Just as Carroll enthusiasts seem to be 
attracted to computers, computer experts 
are attracted to Carroll. Alice is now 
available in several electronic forms, in- 
cluding the previously reviewed Voy- 
ager Electronic Book version of The 
Annotated Alice, the complete text of the 
book on the Great Literature Personal 
Library Series CD-ROM, and several 
previously reviewed computer adven- 
ture games. While Alice's computer 
incarnations began with games, they have 
become more academic in nature with 
the availability of the text through online 
services, and the creation of Joel 
Birenbaum' s database fox Alice bibliog- 

The latest piece of Alice software 
falls in the games category, however. 
Alice in Musicland, a new software pro- 
gram for the Macintosh available at most 
computer software outlets, has little to do 
with Lewis Carroll. A series of four 
games help children learn about music as 
they practice matching and memory 
skills. In each game, the illustrations of 

Sir John Tenniel serve as a backdrop, and 
some of these illustrations have been 
crudely animated. The cleverest of these 
shows the White Rabbit disappearing 
down the long hallway as the computer 

says "Goodbye" when the player quits a 
game. Completists will want to add this 
software to this collection, and their young 
children may enjoy playing the games, 
but the relationship to Carroll is minimal. 

Fall Meeting in Boston 

The Fall 1993 meeting of the LCSNA 
will be held at 10:00 am, Saturday No- 
vember 20, at the Houghton Library of 
Harvard University in Cambridge, MA. 
Regulars of LCSNA meetings should 
note the special time of this gathering, 
which will be followed by a luncheon at 
the Inn at Harvard. The program will 
include a talk by LCSNA member Rosella 
Howe, who will enlighten us about some 
of the treasures of the Harcourt Amory 
Collection of Carrolliana housed at 
Harvard. Fran Abeles, LCSNA trea- 
surer, will discuss her work on the soon 
to be published Mathematical Pamphlets 
of Lewis Carroll, and Glen Downey will 
present a talk titled "From Structural 

Resynthesis to Structural Afirmation: An 
Examination of the Chess Problem in 
Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking- 

The Boston International Book Fair 
will also be held the weekend of our 
meeting, and program coordinator Janet 
Jurist will be doing her best to secure 
complimentary passes to the fair for So- 
ciety members. For those looking for 
accomodations, Janet has made special 
arrangements with the Hotel Eliot, which 
is conveniently located near the Book 
Fair and a short bus ride from Harvard. 
Reservations can be made by calling 

See you in Boston! 

Registrations for 1994 International Conference 
Now Being Accepted 

Places at the 1994 International Lewis Carroll Conference 
may now be reserved by LCSN A members. Between now and 
November 1 , registration will be limited to current members of 
the LCSNA. There are only sixty spaces available, so we 
encourage you to register early to secure a spot. 

The conference will be held at the Graylyn Conference 
Center of Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, NC. 
Graylyn is a former private estate which has been made into one 
of the nation's finest conference centers. The elegant stone 
manor house will be the sight of conference events, including 
gourmet meals, lectures and panel discussions, and films and 
other entertainment. For attendees who are able to find some 
free time in the busy conference schedule, Graylyn provides 
swimming, tennis, and even croquet facilities. 

Many conference delegates will be housed in the manor 
home, while others will have rooms in nearby guest houses. All 
rooms include private baths. A limited number of special 
"antique rooms" are available. These rooms are furnished with 
beautiful antiques, and are slightly larger than the other rooms. 
Antique rooms are available for an additional $50 per night (or 
$75 per night for couples). 

The Conference will begin on Thursday afternoon, June 9, 
1994, and end on Sunday morning, June 12. The conference 
fee of $500 includes meals and snacks, room, programs, use of 
facilities, and even a 24 hour self serve ice cream bar. Alchoholic 
beverages are available at meals and some other times, and may 

be charged to your room and paid for at check out. 

The conference program is currently being planned, and 
will include lectures by some of the leading Carrollians in the 
world. While the theme of the conference is Lewis Carroll & 
America, presentations will by no means be limited to that 
topic. To provide a break from the serious academic nature of 
the conference, a variety of entertainments will be planned, 
including music, theatre, and film. Another conference high- 
light will be the third Lewis Carroll Auction. The conference 
will also include demonstrations of computers adapted for 
Carrollian uses, exhibitions, and a forum for collectors to buy, 
sell, trade, or just share their favorite items. 

A variety of publications are being prepared for distribution 
at the conference, and when it is all over, the conference 
proceedings will be published and distributed to those who 
attended. Other will be able to purchase the proceedings for a 
small fee. 

Don't miss this exciting opportunity to be part of Carrollian 
history and spend three days in a setting which would make 
Carroll's aristocratic friends feel right at home. The $100 pre- 
registration fee is non-refundable, and will reserve you a place 
as soon as it is received. Please indicate if you would like a 
regular or antique room. Antique rooms, as well as other 
conference places, will be awarded on a first come first serve 
basis, so we encourage you to register early to ensure that you 
won't miss this wonderful experience. 

Second International Lewis Carroll Conference 

Registration Form 

Please reserve place(s) at the International Lewis Carroll Conference. I 

understand that my registration fee is non-refundable and that the full price of the 
conference is $500. 

Please reserve an antique room for 

people. I understand that an additional 

charge of $150 for one person or $225 for two people will be added to the basic cost of 
the conference for this room. 

Name and Address: 

Amount Enclosed ($100 per person) 

Return to: Joel Birenbaum, Registration Coordinator, LC Conference, 2486 Brunswick Circle, Woodridge, IL, 60517 


Society to Hold 

A highlight of the 1994 International 
Conference (see opposite page) will be 
the third Lewis Carroll auction. Previ- 
ous auctions have raised over $4000 
for the Society's publishing program, 
and proceeds from this auction will be 
used for that and to help finance the 
conference and its publications. It's 
not too early to think about contribut- 
ing items to next year's auction. In the 
past, members' contributions have in- 
cluded everything from editions of Alice 
(in English and many other languages) 
to works of art, collections of ephem- 
era, and other related materials. Alan 
Tannenbaum, current Vice-President 
of the LCSNA, will coordinate contri- 
butions to the auction, and we encour- 
age you to scour your closets for some- 
thing special to make this our best sale 
yet. Some members are even produc- 
ing crafts and original artworks to con- 
tribute to the auction. Bidding at the 
sale will not be limited to those attend- 
ing the conference — anyone may bid 
by mail — so plan to participate by con- 
tributing items now and adding new 
items to your collection later. All con- 
tributions are tax deductable to the 
extent allowed by law. Please send 
items to Alan at 2431 NE 46th St., 
Lighthouse Point, FL, 33064. 

Fund Drive 

Recently Stan Marx, founder of the 
LCSNA and president of the Lewis 
Carroll Foundation, sent a letter to all 
LCSNA members asking them to con- 
tribute to the Foundation's effort to 

raise funds for the Lewis 
Carroll Birthplace Trust in 
England. The Birthplace 
Trust hopes to establish a 
museum in the village of 
=^== Daresbury where Carroll was 
born in 1832. The Trust has been given 
two buildings, and is raising funds to 
convert them into a visitors' s center 
and library. Already the Trust has 
purchased the land on which the Old 
Parsonage, where Carroll was born, 
stood. The land has been prepared for 
tourists with fences, benches, and park- 
ing, and was dedicated on May 31. 
Many members of the LCSNA have 
already contributed to this worthy 
cause, and we encourage you to give 
what you can. Stan informs us that any 
gift, no matter how small, will be ap- 
preciated. We hope to be able to say 
that the American lovers of Lewis 
Carroll and Alice, both children and 
adults, helped to create this lasting 
memorial to this great author. 

Oysters Pop-Up 

Nick Bantock has followed up his re- 
cent pop-up edition of "Jabberwocky" 
with a similar edition of "The Walrus 
and the Carpenter." The book is pub- 
lished by Viking and retails for $9.95. 

Bantock's whimsical pop-ups work 
even better here than in his earlier 
Carrollian effort. The surreal qualities 
of some of his scenes reminded this 
reviewer of Tanguy and Magritte in 
their more lighthearted moments. One 
wonders, however, if Bantock has paid 
more attention to his artistic predeces- 
sors than to the text of the poem he 
illustrates. The very page on which 
Carroll informs us that the oysters 
"hadn't any feet" includes an illustra- 
tion of oysters with feet. Bantock's 
oysters, unlike Carroll's, however, do 
not have shoes. 

MEETING (continued from page 2) 

photographs, as Findlay showed, but the 
intriguing question of the direction of 
influence requires further exploration. 
To what extent did Lewis Carroll try to 
reproduce in his photographs the compo- 
sitional structure of famous or at least 
well-known paintings, and did Carroll's 
photographs influence painters like 
Tissot? We hope that she will be able to 
publish her results in this fascinating 
interdisciplinary field. 

Following the meeting, most of those 
gathered adjourned to the home of Janet 
Jurist who served as hostess for a lovely 
party which gave us all time to renew old 
friendships and talk of Dodgson and other 
topics of importance. We thank our speak- 
ers, the NYPL, and Janet for a lovely day 
in New York. 

book Lewis Carroll's Alice ^ L *-* '-' L ^-^ ^ J ill. 

was published, expert bibli- ""*^™^ 
ographer Hilda Bohem wrote me a kind note in which she pointed 
out that I had mis-identified the true first edition of Through the 
Looking-Glass. Ms. Bohem' s superb article in Jabberwocky, 
which chronicled her investigation of the early printing history of 
this title, proved that the book was published in America before the 
London edition was issued, and therefore only the first American 
edition should be called the "First Edition." I promised Ms. Bohem 
an errata slip to correct this and other errors, but never managed to 
get one printed. I mention all this not only to publicly set the record 
straight about this book, but also to make a point about bibliogra- 
phy. It can be frought with inertia, and it is sometimes difficult to overcome 
the accumulated mistakes of decades of reference books with one superbly 
written article, especially when the only outlets for such articles are relatively 
obscure journals. Kudos to Ms. Bohem for reminding us all not to ignore the 
right answer for the more widely published one. 

rrotn Dor rar-ftomQ* 

Another Carrollian ski area has been 
sighted, this one at Winter Park, CO. 
Trails are named after characters from 
the Alice books from the easy slopes such 
as March Hare and Mock Turtle, to the 
advanced run, Cheshire Cat, which curves 
in the shape of a large grin. 

The New Ink Festival of the San Fran- 
cisco Symphony played LCSNA mem- 
ber David Del Tredici' s "Virtuoso Alice" 
on April 17th. 

SPymagazineforMay 1 993 printed what 
was supposed to be a humorous compari- 
son between Alice Liddell and Katie 
Beers (the child who was kidnapped and 
imprisoned by a family friend on Long 
Island recently). We were not amused. 

Fritz and Floyd have produced a series of 
Alice in Wonderland porcelain pieces. 
Included are a Queen of Hearts cookie jar 
($135), Mad Tea Party tea pot ($95), 
Tweedles salt and pepper shakers ($25) 
plus 14 other pieces. Find a dealer near 
you by calling 1-800-527-5211; order 
from Pass the Salt and Pepper, 3337 N. 
Broadway, Chicago, IL, 60657 and pos- 
sibly receive a 20% discount negotiated 
by LCSNA member Joel Birenbaum; or 
see the Potpourri catalogue for Spring 
1993 which has several of the pieces 
pictured on the front and back cover. 

Barbara Raheb (31032 Elizabeth Ct., 
Agoura Hills, C A, 91301) publishes min- 
iature books and has the following Carroll 
titles in print: AAIW, $30; TTLG, $35; 
Snark, $24; Selected Poems, $25; and an 
upcoming Walrus and Carpenter pop- 
up. Shipping is $2.50. 


Peake Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Winter 
1992), contains Gavin O'Keefe's "A 
Snark from Sark: Mervyn Peake' s Illus- 
trations for Lewis Carroll's Hunting of 
the Snark." Copies of the publication of 
the Peake Society may be ordered from 
G. Peter Winnington, Les 3 Chasseurs, 
1413 ORZENS, Vaud, Switzerland. 

Curiouser and Curiouser, Reflections on 
Alice by the Occidental Community Choir 
is a charming musical cassette tape. For 
information write to the Choir at P.O. 
Box 691, Occidental, CA, 95465. A 
mixture of classical Alice and contempo- 
rary comments (e.g. "There are So Many 
Mad Hatters," reflects on the Washing- 
ton, D.C. scene, the Rodney King trials, 
and so on). 

In the book Peppers: A Story of Hot 
Pursuits, by Amal Naj, Dr. Irwin Ziment 
defends the actions of the cook in AAIW, 
claiming that pepper in chicken soup 
makes for an excellent treatment for the 
common cold. Perhaps the baby was just 
a little congested. 

A current exhibition at the Metropolitan 
Museum of Art in New York titled "The 
Waking of Dream," features photographs 
from the Gilman Paper Company Col- 
lection, including a copy of Lewis 
Carroll' s famous portrait of Alice Liddell 
as beggar maid. The New Yorker said of 
Carroll's photograph and one by Hugh 
Diamond Welsh that they are "so charged 
with the currents that lay below [Victo- 
rian England's] surface that it's hard to 
stop looking." 

Boston' s Museum of Fine Arts, P.O. Box 
1 044, Boston, MA, 02 1 20-0900, offers a 
double-sided costume for $45 (reduced). 
By a flip of the hood Alice becomes the 
White Rabbit. Two sizes, 2-5 & 6-8. 
Phone orders, 1-800-225-5592. 

The March 1993 issue of Smithsonian 
Magazine includes an article on topiary 
art starting on page 100. Several photo- 
graphs of the Wonderland garden at 
Longwood, Lennet Square, PA, are re- 
produced, including a full page image of 
a frog footman and several smaller pic- 

The Arena Players in East Farmingdale, 
NY, presented the world premiere of 
Ron Mark's new play, Satan in Wonder- 
land, this past February and March on 
their Main Stage. In the play, a woman 
unlocks the horrors of her childhood (she 
was kidnapped and abused by a Satanic 
cult) using Alice in Wonderland as the 
key. There is much about transformation 
taken from Carroll's book, and much 
about abuse as well. The New York 
Times' printed a favorable review, while 
Newsday's critic was apparently 
unimpressed. Running at the same time 
at the Arena Players' Second Stage next 
door was a production of Alice in Won- 
derland for children. Newsday points 
out that "there are no subliminal satanic 
messages in this children's theater pro- 

Mervyn' s Department stores in Califor- 
nia sell Alice boxer shorts for about $20. 
They are silk, made in China, and show 
Alician figures dancing about a blue- 
black background. 

For assistance in preparing this issue we would like to thank: Joel Birenbaum, Gary Brockman, Sandor Burstein, Nancy Finlay, 
Johanna Hurwitz, August Imholtz, Vito Lanza, Stephanie Lovett, Lucille Posner, Princeton University Library for permission to 
reprint the photographs on page 1, and David and Maxine Shaefer. 

Knight Letter is the official newsletter of the Lewis Carroll Society of North America. It is published quarterly and is distributed 
free to all members. Subscriptions, business correspondence, and inquiries should be addressed to the Secretary, LCSNA, 617 
Rockford Road, Silver Spring, Maryland, 20902. Annual membership dues are $20 (regular) & $50 (sustaining). Submissions and 
editorial correspondence should be sent to the Editor, Charles C. Lovett, 10714 W. 128th Ct., Overland Park, KS, 66213.